Collaborative learning is an educational methodology where learning involves groups of students working together toward a common goal. It is based on the concept that learning is social, so group members work alongside one another, talking and working through the learning process. If implemented properly, what is the effect of collaborative learning on students interest?
Discussion References Cooperative Learning is a teaching arrangement that refers to small, heterogeneous groups of students working together to achieve a common goal Kagan, Students work together to learn and are responsible for their teammates' learning as well as their own.
The basic elements are: Positive Interdependence - occurs when gains of individuals or teams are positively correlated.
Individual Accountability - occurs when all students in a group are held accountable for doing a share of the work and for mastery of the material to be learned. Equal Participation - occurs when each member of the group is afforded equal shares of responsibility and input.
Simultaneous Interaction - occurs when class time is designed to allow many student interactions during the period. Hundreds of studies have been undertaken to measure the success of cooperative learning as an instructional method regarding social skills, student learning, and achievement across all levels from primary grades through college.
However, very few studies have been published that specifically target the use of Spencer Kagan's Structures of Cooperative Learning Kagan, as teaching methods to increase student achievement. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis: Sixth-grade Social Studies students at Dunbar Middle School who participate in Kagan's cooperative learning structures will gain higher curriculum-based assessment scores than students who do not use this method of learning.
Literature Review Cooperative learning is generally defined as a teaching arrangement in which small, heterogeneous groups of students work together to achieve a common goal.
Students encourage and support each other, assume responsibility for their own and each other's learning, employ group related social skills, and evaluate the group's progress.
The basic elements are positive interdependence, equal opportunities, and individual accountability. Human beings are social creatures by nature and cooperation has been used throughout history in all aspects of our lives.
Therefore, it follows that cooperative learning groups in schools would be used as a logical teaching method. For decades cooperative learning has been implemented in classrooms with diverse populations primarily as a means of fostering positive student interactions. In the United States, cooperative learning was first viewed as an approach to facilitate racial integration.
During the s specific cooperative learning methods began to be developed and evaluated in a wide variety of teaching contexts. A synthesis of research about cooperative learning finds that cooperative learning strategies improve the achievement of students and their interpersonal relationships.
Positive effects were found in all major subjects, all grade levels, in urban, rural, and suburban schools, and for high, average, and low achievers Slavin, The studies included eight methods of cooperative learning: No studies were found that specifically investigate Kagan's Cooperative Learning Structures.
In each case, the achievement levels were significantly higher when cooperative learning methods were used as compared to individualistic or competitive methods of learning.
Grouping is essential to cooperative learning. The most widely used team formation is that of heterogeneous teams, containing a high, two middle, and a low achieving student and having a mix of gender and ethnic diversity that reflect the classroom population.
The rationale for heterogeneous groups argues that this produces the greatest opportunities for peer tutoring and support as well as improving cross-race and cross-sex relations and integration.
Occasionally, random or special interest teams could be formed to maximize student talents or meet a specific student need Kagan, This resulted in very few activities that involved higher-level thinking skills and most of the observations were of drill and review or routine activities.
Factors contributing to achievement effects of cooperative learning are group goals and individual accountability. Providing students with an incentive to help each other and encourage each other to put forth maximum efforts increases the likelihood that all group members will learn.
As well as individual grades and evaluations there is strong evidence that group grades and team rewards are most successful for motivation Slavin, Others argue that the group grades and team rewards allow for the free rider effect of students who do not participate to the fullest extent of their abilities Joyce, and Cohen, Also, it is argued that group grading de-emphasizes the importance of hard-work, personal ability, and perseverance Kagan, Within the framework of cooperative learning groups, students learn how to interact with their peers and increase involvement with the school community.
Positive interactions do not always occur naturally and social skills instruction must precede and concur with the cooperative learning strategies. Social skills encompass communicating, building and maintaining trust, providing leadership, and managing conflicts Goodwin The main purpose of this study was to identify the effects of cooperative learning on students’ mathematics achievement and attitudes towards mathematics in selected secondary schools in Bangladesh.
Ozsoy, N., & Yildiz, N. ().The effect of learning together technique of cooperative learning method on student achievement in . In terms of assessment and teaching strategies, collaborative learning styles can be considered as an indicator of the student’s prior knowledge about .
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of learning styles on students' achievement in different learning environments which were designed according to principles of Generative Theory of Multimedia Learning. We will write a custom essay sample on Effect of Collaborative Learning Styles on Student Achievement specifically for you for only $ $ /page Order now.
When planning for daily activities for your class, it is important to take into consideration the effect collaborative learning on students interest. Putting some time into planning this type of learning in your classroom can have long-lasting, positive effects.
Feb 24, · Collaborative learning is a method of teaching and learning in which student teams will work together to create a meaningful multimedia project.
Cooperative learning, which will be the primary focus of this paper, is a specific kind of collaborative learning.