Pierce was the fifth of eight children born to Benjamin and his second wife Anna Kendrick; his first wife Elizabeth Andrews died in childbirth, leaving a daughter. Benjamin was a prominent Democratic-Republican [note 2] state legislator, farmer, and tavern-keeper.
Visit Website Did you know? At the time he was elected president inyear-old Franklin Pierce became the youngest man in history to win that office. A steadfast supporter of President Andrew Jackson in the s, he was dubbed "Young Hickory" in an allusion to Jackson's famous nickname, "Old Hickory.
Friendly with many southerners, Pierce was impatient with the more radical abolitionists from New England. Often in ill health, Jane was unhappy with life in Washington, and in Pierce gave up his Senate seat and returned to Concord, where he became a leader in the legal community.
He did earn the respect of many in his party for keeping New Hampshire Democrats together behind Lewis Cass in the presidential election despite a threat by the Free Soil Party and for holding state Democrats to the terms of the controversial Compromise of against challenges to its tough fugitive slave law.
Backed by New Englanders and southern delegates, the lesser-known Pierce emerged as the dark horse presidential candidate at the Democratic national convention, after the three leading candidates—Cass, Stephen A. Douglas and James Buchanan—deadlocked.
The issue of slavery loomed large that year, and the Democratic platform included a pledge of complete support for the Compromise of The opposition Whig Party was more divided around the Compromise, and southerners hated the Whig candidate, General Winfield Scottwhich helped Pierce win a narrow victory.
Two months before he took office, Pierce and his family were in a train wreck on the way from Boston to Concord. Though Pierce and his wife were barely injured, their year-old son, Bennie, was killed.
For the time being, at least, the Compromise of seemed to have resolved the various sectional conflicts—primarily over slavery—that had divided the country. His proposal that the nation should expand its borders further immediately aroused the anger of many northerners, who felt the president was pandering to those seeking to expand slavery.
After Spanish authorities in Havana seized the U. The manifesto became public that fall, inspiring protest from the emerging Republicans. In another foreign policy development that year, Commodore Matthew C. Perry led the negotiation of a treaty that opened trade with Japan after years of Dutch monopoly.
When antislavery settlers in Kansas formed a rival government and sought admission to the Union as a free state, violence broke out between these Free Staters and their proslavery opponents. While Pierce resisted sending federal troops to Kansas, tensions reached new heights in Washington, with South Carolina Representative Preston Brooks assaulting Senator Charles Sumneran abolitionist, on the Senate floor in May By the time he left office, the nation had moved closer to civil war, and the situation would only grow worse under Buchanan, another northerner with southern sympathies.
His wife died later inand Pierce stayed largely out of the public eye from then on; he died in Concord in Start your free trial today.Fun Facts About Franklin Pierce Pierce was a member of the New Hampshire State Legislature at the same time his father was governor of New Hampshire.
In the election for president, he defeated General Winfield Scott, his commander from the Mexican-American War. Franklin Pierce became 14th President of the United States at a time of apparent tranquility (). The Expatriation of Franklin Pierce: The Story of a President and the Civil War Garry Boulard.
out of 5 stars Paperback. He drubbed Winfield Scott in the presidential election to become the country's 14th president. However, Pierce saw abolitionism as a threat to the Union, and his sympathy with Southern views helped lead the nation /5(60).
The Pierce Manse is the only home ever owned and lived in by President Franklin Pierce, a New Hampshire native and the 14th President of the United States. Take a step back in time by touring President Pierce's historic home.
Oct 29, · Watch video · On this day in , Franklin Pierce, America’s 14th president, is born in a log cabin in Hillsborough, New torosgazete.com, described by biographers and contemporaries as a personable and.
Franklin Pierce, the 14th U.S. President, was born on November 23, , in Hillsboro, N.H.
Fun Facts About Franklin Pierce Pierce was a member of the New Hampshire State Legislature at the same time his father was governor of New Hampshire. In the election for president, he defeated General Winfield Scott, his commander from the Mexican-American War. President Franklin Pierce resources including biography, political career, election results, family information, and trivia. Franklin Pierce - 14th President of the United States Tweet. Watch video · Franklin Pierce, the 14th U.S. President, was born on November 23, , in Hillsboro, New Hampshire. His father, Benjamin, was an American Revolutionary War hero who held some political prowess.
He was elected to the New Hampshire legislature, and later served in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate.