This is 3rd in a 5-post series as my reply to a depressed reader who emailed me for help.
The reader will find at the end of this article various titles of other articles which contain supplementary information on subjects connected with the Apostles. The name The word "Apostle", from the Greek apostello "to send forth", "to dispatch", has etymologically a very general sense.
Apostolos Apostle means one who is sent forth, dispatched--in other words, who is entrusted with a mission, rather, a foreign mission.
It has, however, a stronger sense than the word messenger, and means as much as a delegate. In the classical writers the word is not frequent. In the Greek version of the Old Testament it occurs once, in 1 Kings In the New Testamenton the contrary, it occurs, according to Bruder's Concordance, about eighty times, and denotes often not all the disciples of the Lord, but some of them specially called.
It is obvious that our Lord, who spoke an Aramaic dialect, gave to some of his disciples an Aramaic title, the Greek equivalent of which was "Apostle".
It seems to us that there is no reasonable doubt about the Aramaic word being seliah, by which also the later Jewsand probably already the Jews before Christ, denoted "those who were despatched from the mother city by the rulers of the race on any foreign mission, especially such as were charged with collecting the tribute paid to the temple service" Lightfoot, "Galatians", London,p.
Various meanings It is at once evident that in a Christian sense, everyone who had received a mission from Godor Christ, to man could be called "Apostle". In fact, however, it was reserved to those of the disciples who received this title from Christ.
At the same time, like other honourable titles, it was occasionally applied to those who in some way realized the fundamental idea of the name. The word also has various meanings. The name Apostle denotes principally one of the twelve disciples who, on a solemn occasion, were called by Christ to a special mission.
In the Gospels, however, those disciples are often designated by the expressions of mathetai the disciples or dodeka the Twelve and, after the treason and death of Judaseven of hendeka the Eleven. In the Synoptics the name Apostle occurs but seldom with this meaning; only once in Matthew and Mark.
But in other books of the New Testamentchiefly in the Epistles of St. Paul and in the Acts, this use of the word is current. Saul of Tarsusbeing miraculously converted, and called to preach the Gospel to the heathensclaimed with much insistency this title and its rights.
In the Epistle to the Hebrews iii, 1 the name is applied even to Christ, in the original meaning of a delegate sent from God to preach revealed truth to the world. The word Apostle has also in the New Testament a larger meaning, and denotes some inferior disciples who, under the direction of the Apostles, preached the Gospel, or contributed to its diffusion; thus Barnabas Acts We know not why the honourable name of Apostle is not given to such illustrious missionaries as Timothy, Titus, and others who would equally merit it.
There are some passages in which the extension of the word Apostle is doubtfulas Luke Even in an ironical meaning the word occurs 2 Corinthians There is but little to add on the use of the word in the old Christian literature.
The first and third meanings are the only ones which occur frequently, and even in the oldest literature the larger meaning is seldom found. Origin of the apostolate The Gospels point out how, from the beginning of his ministry, Jesus called to him some Jewsand by a very diligent instruction and formation made them his disciples.
After some time, in the Galilean ministry, he selected twelve whom, as Mark 3: The appointment of the twelve Apostles is given by the three Synoptic Gospels Mark 3: Only on the immediately connected events is there some difference between them.
It seems almost needless to outline and disprove rationalistic views on this topic. The holders of these views, at least some of them, contend that our Lord never appointed twelve Apostles, never thought of establishing disciples to help him in his ministry, and eventually to carry on his work.
These opinions are only deductions from the rationalistic principles on the credibility of the Gospels, Christ's doctrine on the Kingdom of Heavenand the eschatology of the Gospels. Here it may be sufficient to observe that the very clear testimony of the three synoptic Gospels constitutes a strong historical argument, representing, as it does, a very old and widely spread tradition that cannot be erroneous ; that the universally acknowledged authority of the Apostles, even in the most heated controversies, and from the first years after Christ's death for instance in the Jewish controversiesas we read in the oldest Epistles of St.
Paul and in the Acts, cannot be explained, or even be understood, unless we recognize some appointment of the Twelve by Jesus. Office and conditions of the apostolate Two of the synoptic Gospels add to their account of the appointment of the Twelve brief statements on their office: Luke where he relates the appointment of the Twelve, adds nothing on their office.
Jesus sends the Twelve to preach the kingdom and to heal, and gives them very definite instructions. From all this it results that the Apostles are to be with Jesus and to aid Him by proclaiming the kingdom and by healing. However, this was not the whole extent of their office, and it is not difficult to understand that Jesus did not indicate to His Apostles the whole extent of their mission, while as yet they had such imperfect ideas of His own person and mission, and of the Messianic kingdom.
The nature of the Apostolic mission is made still clearer by the sayings of Christ after His Resurrection. Here such passages as Matthew In the first of these texts we read, "Go ye therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost, teaching them to observe all I have commanded you".
The texts of Luke point to the same office of preaching and testifying cf.In the English language, capitalization is used for names by which a god is known, including 'God'. Consequently, the capitalized form of god is not used for multiple gods or when used to refer to the generic idea of a deity.
The English word God and its counterparts in other languages are normally used for any and all conceptions and, in spite of significant differences between religions, the.
If God through the Holy Spirit can speak to us and tell us to do other things, then why would He not tell us who to marry. God is a limitless God and because He has told many of us who He chose for us and we choose to go another way, there are consequences.
Pelagius (c. AD – ) was a theologian of British origin who advocated free will and asceticism. He was accused by Augustine of Hippo and others of denying the need for divine aid in performing good torosgazete.com understood him to have said that the only grace necessary was the declaration of the law; humans were not wounded by Adam's sin and were perfectly able to fulfill the law without.
If God is all-good and all-powerful, how can it be that evil exists? Wouldn't He want to eliminate it and be able to eliminate it? Please report any typos or formatting problems you see with this text..
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Fish: Explaining some Difficult New Testament Passages. Question #1: Hello Dr. Luginbill, A brother in Christ claimed that he knew the symbolic meaning of the fish that was caught in the Gospels (John ).