Religion, culture and sexual morality also follow this cyclical pattern, with the Victorian Era of the lateth Century and repressive laws of Anthony Comstock, the McCarthyism of the s, and the Moral Majority of the s all following a similar pattern. All over the world, "young people imagined a new, more democratic, more socially responsible order," although predictably all of these generated a huge Right-wing backlash that lasted for decades Morone
SRAS Students 20 October The traditional view of Russian political culture has been that, due to historical experience, Russians have favored strong autocratic rule. After nearly seventy years of the Soviet experience, Russian society was viewed as totally atomized and Russians themselves as disengaged from the political process.
In Gorbachev came to power as General Secretary of the Soviet Union and within two years had relaxed the constraints on civic activity outside official party organizations.
The apparent explosion of groups and organizations from this time onwards surprised many observers and put previous suppositions in doubt.
There is Political culture of russia essay debate within the field over whether to include behavior as well as attitudes and beliefs. This, perhaps, shows that people are once again disinterested in politics, as compared with the s when they were seemingly clamoring for real democracy.
His very emptiness as a politician allows people to disengage from the political process. Yet there have also been suggestions that this disinterest may be a myth propagated by the regime itself. Can Russia Ever be a Democracy?
One needs longitudinal data to see how stable attitudes have been over a period of time. Colton and McFaul have compared data from surveys from both and One might also look here at the legacy of the disjuncture between public and private lives left over from the Soviet system.
If in Russians were much less inculcated in Soviet values than had been assumed then perhaps the private persona has now triumphed over the public, Soviet one.
Thus, one might argue that this duality may well hamper the chances for democratization. Modernisation Many observers point to the coming of new generations as enhancing the prospects of democracy.
This view argues that, over time, the process of modernization and concomitant rise in levels of education and political awareness will have an impact on a political culture. Indeed, Hahn found differences with respect to generations in his work between and Thus one could argue that, because of high levels of education during the Soviet era, a new political culture was already being formed, and with the rise of generations who had not known Soviet politics this process might continue in a democratic direction.
Conclusion Even though the selective use of history to justify explanations has been discredited, there are many who still see authoritarianism as a vital element in Russian political culture. Yet there are also those who have used research to discover what the chances for democratization are.
It can be argued that in Gorbachev started the process, albeit unwittingly, which we have been observing in Russia in recent years and which could be recreating its political culture.
By definition, culture can evolve only slowly, and this may mean that Russian political culture as yet cannot be definitively characterized. However, this does not preclude the possibility that there are elements other than authoritarianism which could have been remolding it well before the break up of the Soviet Union.
The USSR had a somewhat distorted journey towards modernization, but it has been shown that one vital element was there — high levels of education. It is still difficult to say how the events of the last twenty years have really affected Russian political culture, but in conclusion two points will be tentatively put forward.
She is looking to pursue opportunities in research and analysis of events in Russia and the former Soviet Union. Gitelman and R Sakwa eds. A Reader, Oxford and New York,pp.Read this essay on Political Culture.
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Russian culture has a long torosgazete.com claims a long tradition of dividend in many aspects of the arts, especially when it comes to literature, folk dancing, philosophy, classical music, traditional folk music, ballet, architecture, painting, cinema, animation and politics, which all had considerable influence on world torosgazete.com country also has a flavorful material culture and a.