It is impossible to know the exact number of American colonists who favored or opposed independence. For years it was widely believed that one third favored the Revolution, one third opposed it, and one third were undecided. This stems from an estimate made by John Adams in his personal writings in
Download Issue The following is adapted from a speech delivered at the dedication of a statue of George Washington on the Hillsdale College campus on May 9, The statue is the first in a series that will form the Hillsdale College Liberty Walk.
The first is persistence. The city I live in, New York, has been attacked twice in American history.
The British, who made camp on Staten Island, had at their command ten ships of the line, dozens of other ships, and 32, professional soldiers including Hessians. To oppose this force, Washington had no navy, no ships, and 19, soldiers, most of them militia and most of them untrained.
Over the next few months, he and his men fought two battles: The second attack on New York was on September 11, I live about three miles north of the Trade Center site. It was a primary day, so I was out to vote, and I could see the plume of smoke quite clearly from both of the towers.
It was a beautiful fall day. But for the rest of the Revolutionary War, the British kept all their American prisoners on ships in the East River, where they were not well fed, had no good air, and were given barely any water.
Eleven thousand men died on those ships, and for years people in Brooklyn found skeletons on the waterfront.
George Washington lost the entire city, which the British occupied for the remainder of the war. The British could also be said to have used weapons of mass destruction: They encouraged slaves to run away from their American masters with the promise of freedom, but any slave who had smallpox was sent back in the hope that he would infect his fellow slaves and rebel masters.
Afghanistan was about six weeks, Iraq about three weeks. The American Revolution lasted eight-and-a-half years. So we have our problems, but Washington had his. And in many ways his were worse: America was much weaker then, and the enemy it faced was much stronger. When the war was over and he retired to private life, he was called upon to serve again.
He presided over the Constitutional Convention inwas inaugurated as the first president inand served as president for two terms. So the full time of his service—including the war, the Constitutional Convention and his eight years as president—was 17 years.
WELCOME. Revolutionary Characters are the real people who lived in Boston and walked its streets on the eve of American Revolution. Browse characters, or choose one of the people below to begin. Claudius Smith ( – January 22, ) was a notorious Loyalist guerrilla leader during the American Revolution. He led a band of irregulars who were known locally as the'cowboys'. Claudius was the eldest son of David Smith (–), a respected tailor, cattleman, miller, constable. This book introduces the formative event in American history. In thirty-three individual chapters, by authorities on the Revolution, it provides in-depth analysis of the American Revolution's many sides, ranging from the military and diplomatic to the social and political; from the economic and financial, to the cultural and legal.
Franklin Roosevelt served 12 years as president and died a month after his fourth inauguration. Jefferson, Wilson and Reagan each served eight years as president. Lincoln served four years as president and was murdered a month after his second inauguration. Washington served 17 years at the center of American life—a record that has not been matched.
It is more remarkable because it was a new thing at the time. Nowadays, we know that in a republic, the military power serves the civilian power. This is part of our life today. It is what we expect.
Most of the rulers in the world were kings or monarchs of some sort. Holland and the Swiss Cantons were exceptions, but all of the major countries and most of the small ones were ruled by people who ruled them for life. Washington lived in a time when royal rule began to be shaken. During his lifetime, the King of France was deposed and executed, and other monarchs would follow that path.
But the new rulers who took their places did not, generally speaking, believe in letting go. Napoleon Bonaparte was a Corsican artillery officer who became first consul of France, then first consul for life, then emperor.
His career as emperor was eventually ended, but it took a world war to end it. And that pattern has been repeated over and over again around the world.
Thus, at the end of the Revolutionary War, when Washington returned his commission to Congress, it was something very new.
It was similarly new when, at the end of his second presidential term, he announced that he would not run a third time.Selected Further Readings. Alden, John R. The American Revolution, Nelson, William H. "The Revolutionary Character of the American Revolution." American Historical Review 70 (July ) Nevins, Allen.
Revolutionary soldiers in Alabama, being a list of names, comp. from authentic sources, of soldiers of the American revolution, who resided in the state of Alabama. By: . Claudius Smith ( – January 22, ) was a notorious Loyalist guerrilla leader during the American Revolution.
He led a band of irregulars who were known locally as the'cowboys'. Claudius was the eldest son of David Smith (–), a respected tailor, cattleman, miller, constable. There were also (apparently) in addition to the French some Anglo-Saxons mightily involved in the French Revolution as well in addition to their heavy involvement in the American Revolution, ie Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine, amongst some likely others.
See William Anderson’s American Revolution Sites, Events, and Troop Movements for routes and road networks as well as topographical maps, Revolutionary War Animated Maps for representations of select battles and campaigns, and John Robertson’s Global Gazetteer of the American Revolution for location coordinates and updates on sites.
(New York and Chicago, The Lewis publishing company, ), by William Nelson (page images at HathiTrust; US access only) The history of New Jersey from its earliest settlement to the present time / Ed.
by W. H. Carpenter and T. S. Arthur.